First up on the docket, for my never ending scrutiny, is the original “wellness” drink that propelled them into church pyramid marketing stardom. People sure to make rash claims about this stuff, lets get started with poking at a fellow wordpresser. (He actually seems like a really nice guy, nothing personal). You should read the “about” page of my blog to figure out some of the concerns I am stating here.
Oh, the cranberry zinger? Well, I have seen claims by people on zeal about how they have not touched caffeine (coffee, tea, energy drinks… ect) since they started zeal. I love how he was magically energized at the mere thought of drinking this. Ironically, the skepdic dictionary seems to define this anomaly quite well. http://skepdic.com/placebo.html Some have even claimed that it didn’t contain caffeine, others didn’t know. On their main website, they will not disclose the amount of ingredients in Zeal Wellness. Furthermore, it contains not one, not two, but three naturally occuring sources of caffiene. Guarana, green tea, and yerba mate. Lack of research indeed. A quick look at the zeal label and a little bit of wikipedia could reveal this, scientific studies not required. This ties into the claim that it lowers blood pressure. Caffeine does the exact opposite, actually. Since we don’t know how much of each ingredient is in there, since their blend is so “proprietary,” we would be unable to assess the amount of caffeine and the safety of consuming this if you are hypertensive. Furthermore, I have seen posts of people self diagnosing themselves into not needing their blood pressure medication after 3 days. I would consider that scary. Of course, they wouldn’t follow up with anything saying that their blood pressure went up, because after all, they want to sell the stuff. It takes an average of 3 weeks to 3 months for herbal supplements to build up to therapeutic levels in your body. I highly doubt it did anything.
Bioavailabilty: I have been told that the vitamins and minerals in zeal are far more bioavailable than those regularly available in supplements. However, yet again, if you were to read the label, you would find a plethora of ingredients which are available in an OTC multivitamin. On a side note, you should always choose a USP supplement if possible. Plenty of multivitamins fit that bill. If you want to know more about that visit: http://www.usp.org
List of multivitamins in Zeal Wellness which are shared with the naturemade on my shelf:
Ascorbic Acid (Vitamin C), D-Alpha Tocopherol (Vitamin E), Retinol Palmitate (Vitamin A), Pyridoxal-5-Phosphate (Vitamin B6), Thiamin (Vitamin B1), Riboflavin (Vitamin B2), Cholecalciferol (Vitamin D), Methylcobalamin (Vitamin B12).
Obviously, if they can’t even be absorbed by me from the multivitamin, why would the same supplements be absorbed better from Zeal? Quick answer, they aren’t. Basically Zeal is a multivitamin with potentially dangerous herbals added. The level of risk varies with whatever life situation you are in. Certain herbs in this can cause abortifacient, hepatoxic, and tetragenic effects in humans. Which really burned me when I saw this suggested as a prenatal vitamin.
Now, I am going to list the ingredients, with a bunch of references added to it. I am going to give my summary of the studies I have read. I do not have the time to document all of the studies, but these should give you a quick, general idea of how these things work and whether they are safe, which most of them have not been proven safe for therapeutic medicinal doses. Scary, huh? Yall ready for this? It is going to be a ton of reading. There are going to be tons of links for the references, so bare with me, I don’t know how to make them look pretty.
”Proprietary ENRICH blend:
Rice Bran – Is possibly effective at helping with Atopic dermatitis (eczema)http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/1442022?dopt=Abstract, Hypercalciuriahttp://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/3801813?dopt=Abstract, and Hypercholesterolemia http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/9566995?dopt=Abstract. There are little to no safety concerns for rice bran.
Fructooligosaccharides – Orally, fructo-oligosaccharides are used for constipation, traveler’s diarrhea, increasing fecal mass, and reducing serum cholesterol. Fructo-oligosaccharides are also used as prebiotics. It seems ineffective at preventing travellers diarrhea. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/11472316?dopt=Abstract It also appears to be relatively safe to take, however, this has not been tested in pregnant women and therefore should avoid using of tor supplemental purposes.
Moringa – Orally, Moringa is used for anemia and many GI complications, and topically as a treatment for atheletes foot. Moringa is also rich in vitamins and minerals. The roots should be avoided due to an alkaloid isolated in the root which can cause fatal paralysis. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1924986/ There is insufficient data as to the effectiveness of moringa for the above conditions. This can be used safely by consumption of the seeds, fruit, and leaves by most. Moringa has also proven to be an herbal abortifacient. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3336641/
Orally, guarana is used for weight loss, to enhance athletic performance, to reduce mental and physical fatigue, hypotension, and as a diuretic. This is mostly safe if guarana is eaten as it is in food or drink. Guarana contains about double the amount of caffeine as coffee. Use of more than 300 mg/day of caffeine can lead to dependency, tachyarrhythmias, and sleep disturbances. Pregnant women should avoid ingesting more than 200 mg/day.
Gotu Kola – Orally, gotu kola is used for reducing fatigue, anxiety, depression, improving memory and intelligence, Alzheimer’s disease, venous insufficiency including varicose veins, wound healing, and increasing longevity. It can also be used topically for healing scars. Gotu Kola is likely safe used topically. Used as a supplement, it is still likely safe, however there concerns of hepatoxicity in some patients. Gotu Kola is most likely effective for veinous insufficiencies. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/11081995?dopt=Abstract
Alfalfa – Medicinally, Alfalfa is traditionally used as a diuretic for the kidneys and bladder. It is rich in vitamins A, C, E, and K4. High usage of the seeds over a long term has been associated with pancytopenia and drug-induced lupus effects.
In supplemental form, it is potentially unsafe to pregnant women because it may contain constituents for estrogenic activity. Newall CA, Anderson LA, Philpson JD. Herbal Medicine: A Guide for Healthcare Professionals. London, UK: The Pharmaceutical Press, 1996.
Chlorella – Orally, chlorella is used as a food supplement and source of nutrients, including protein, nucleic acids, fiber, vitamins, and minerals. There have been studies for it’s effeciveness in fibromyalgia and glioma. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/10815009?dopt=Abstract ; Merchant RE, Rice CD, Young HF. Dietary Chlorella pyrenoidosa for patients with malignant glioma: effects on immunocompetence, quality of life, and survival. Phytother Res 1990;4:220-31. Results are inconclusive. It appears to be relatively safe to take, but has not been evaluated in pregnant and lactating mothers.
Broccoli – Medicinally, broccoli is used for preventing cancer and boosting immune function. It is considered safe to consume in food form, however, little research has been done on the safety of therapeutic medicinal amounts. There is inconclusive evidence to evaluate it for these purposes. Broccoli is high in vitamin c and fiber.
Cranberry – Therapeutically , cranberry is used for prevention and treatment of urinary tract infections, neurogenic bladder, as a urinary deodorizer for people with incontinence, prevention of urinary catheter blockage, and to heal skin around urostomy stomas. It is safe when consumed as food or in juice, and in non-pregnant adults, it has been proven safe in many trials. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19553405?dopt=Abstract; http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18253990?dopt=Abstract It has also been proven to possibly be effective in preventing UTIs. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/11431298?dopt=Abstract http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18253990?dopt=Abstract
”Proprietary Restore blend:”
Milk thistle – Milk thistle seems to be effective for some diabetes treatements http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17072885?dopt=Abstract; http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/9126802?dopt=Abstract, Allergic rhinitis http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21952357?dopt=Abstract, and Dyspepsia http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15606389?dopt=Abstract Milk thistle seems to be tolerated well in adults up to 41 months in clinical studies.
Bacopa – Traditionally, brahmi (bacopa) is used for Alzheimer’s disease, anxiety, cognitive impairment and memory loss, attention deficit-hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), allergies, and irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). It seems possibly effective in cognative functions. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20590480?dopt=Abstract http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/11498727?dopt=Abstract It seems possibly ineffective at treating Irritable bowel syndrome. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/2697693?dopt=Abstract It seems relatively safe in clinical trials lasting up to 12 weeks, and has not been evaluated in pregnant and lactating mothers.
Ashwagandha – Orally, ashwagandha is used for arthritis, anxiety, insomnia, tumors, tuberculosis, abortifacient, and chronic liver disease. There is insufficient evidence regarding the effectiveness of this. Pregnant mothers should avoid taking this due to it’s traditional use as an Abortifacient. http://www.webmd.com/vitamins-supplements/ingredientmono-953-ASHWAGANDHA.aspx?activeIngredientId=953&activeIngredientName=ASHWAGANDHA http://www.anniesremedy.com/chart.php?prop_ID=96 McGuffin M, Hobbs C, Upton R, Goldberg A, eds. American Herbal Products Association’s Botanical Safety Handbook. Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press, LLC 1997.
Green tea extract – Green tea is used to improve cognitive performance and mental alertness. It is also used to treat stomach disorders, vomiting, diarrhea, and headaches. It is also used as a weight loss supplement and for it’s anti-oxidant properties. It appears safe when used in concentrations normally used and foods, and short terms medicinally. It is possibly unsafe when the extract is used long term medicinally due to it’s large caffeine content. Use of more than 300 mg/day of caffeine can lead to dependency, tachyarrhythmias, and sleep disturbances. Pregnant women should avoid ingesting more than 200 mg/day. It seems likely effective when used for genital warts; Bradley Pharmaceuticals. Veregen Prescribing Information. October 2006 and for mental alertness, due to the caffeine. It may also be effective in treating hypotension, hyperlipidemia, ovarian cancer risks http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16344429?dopt=Abstract and parkinsons disease risk<http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/10819950?dopt=Abstract.
Wild blueberry – Historically, blueberry is used for preventing cataracts and glaucoma, ulcers, urinary tract infections (UTIs), multiple sclerosis (MS), chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS), fever, varicose veins, hemorrhoids, improving circulation, and as a laxative. It is safe when used in the amounts which occur in foods. However, the safety of supplemental blueberry has not been evaluated. There is insufficient research to evaluate wild blueberry for it’s medicinal properties.
Tumeric – Turmeric has been used for osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, dyspepsia, abdominal pain, hemorrhage, diarrhea, flatulence, abdominal bloating, loss of appetite, jaundice, hepatitis, and liver and gallbladder conditions. Tumeric has been safely used in clinical trials lasting up to 8 months in clinical trials. Therapeutic amounts of tumeric should not be used by pregnant women due to the fact that it can stimulate menstrual flow in the uterus. McGuffin M, Hobbs C, Upton R, Goldberg A, eds. American Herbal Products Association’s Botanical Safety Handbook. Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press, LLC 1997. It seems effective at treating dyspepsia http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/2699615?dopt=Abstract and osteoarthritis. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19678780?dopt=Abstract
red ginseng(Korean Ginseng)- Red ginseng seems to be effective at treating COPDhttp://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21146973?dopt=Abstract, erectile dysfunction http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/12394711?dopt=Abstract, premature ejaculation http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/10688090?dopt=Abstract, and cognitive function. It is possibly ineffective for quality of life improvements and athletic performance http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/8876346?dopt=Abstract. Red ginseng seems possibly safe when used orally up to 6 months, however long term use may be unsafe due to it’s potential hormone like effects. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15240639?dopt=Abstract It is unsafe for pregnant mothers due to the fact it may present a Teratogen effect to the fetus during pregnancy. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/14507839?dopt=Abstract It is also unsafe for use in children due to it’s hormonal effects. McGuffin M, Hobbs C, Upton R, Goldberg A, eds. American Herbal Products Association’s Botanical Safety Handbook. Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press, LLC 1997.
Grape seed extract – Grape is medicinally used for preventing cardiovascular disease, varicose veins, hemorrhoids, atherosclerosis, hypertension, peripheral vascular disease, edema associated with injury or surgery, and myocardial or cerebral infarction. Grapes are safe as food and have GRAS status in the US. Use of the supplement form is possibly safe, and have been used in clinical trials up to 12 weeks. It appears to be effective in chronic venous deficiency http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/10719612?dopt=Abstract and ocular stress from glare Bombardelli E, Morazzoni P. Vitis vinifera L. Fitoterapia 1995;LXVI:291-317. There is not enough evidence to support grapeseed extract for other uses.
L-arginine – L-arganine is a vasodialator and has been safely used in lab trials up to 3 months. It seems most effective at treating erectile dysfunction http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/10233492?dopt=Abstract, angina, congestive heart failure http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/10694193?dopt=Abstract, AIDS related wasting, and other vascular diseases. It is unlikely to be effective for athletic performance and myocardial infraction.
Glycine – Orally, glycine is used for schizophrenia, strokes, memory enhancement, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH), protection of the liver and kidneys, and cancer prevention. It is also used in the treatment of G6PD deficiencies. It may be effective in the treatment of schizophrenia http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/10784481?dopt=Abstract and stroke http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/10629347?dopt=Abstract. It seems to be relatively safe when used orally/topically, however it has not been evaluated in pregnant or lactating women.
Lysine – Clinically lysine is used for preventing and treating clinical symptoms of recurrent herpes simplex labialis. It is also used as an aid to improving athletic performance. It is potentially effective for the treatment of herpese simplex labailis. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/3115841?dopt=Abstract It has not been proven to be effective for athletic performance. Lysine seems generally well tolerated up to 12 months and has not been evaluated for use on pregnant and lactating mothers.
Tyrosine – Tyrosine is effective for the medicinal treatment of Phenylketonuria (PKU). <http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/10796799?dopt=Abstract It may also work well for treating sleep disorders http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/7794222?dopt=Abstract. It is considered safe and granted GRAS status for the amounts occurring in foods, and seems well tolerated in clinical trials lasting up to 3 months.
orthanine – This is used for the enhancement of athletic performance, reduction of glutamine toxicity, and wound healing. No clinical safety studies have been performed, and it appears to be ineffective for athletic performance. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/1299499?dopt=Abstract http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/8220394?dopt=Abstract
Yerba mate – Yerba mate is used as a beverage in South America and is used as a stimulant to relieve mental fatigue. The caffeine content is roughly equal or slightly less than that of coffee. It is safe when consumed as a drink, and possibly unsafe when consumed in large quantities or supplemented. Use of more than 300 mg/day of caffeine can lead to dependency, tachyarrhythmias, and sleep disturbances. Pregnant women should avoid ingesting more than 200 mg/day. Furthermore, mate has been linked to oral cancer in the fetus and children. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/12814995?dopt=Abstract http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/8827355?dopt=Abstract http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/12808663?dopt=Abstract
Kudzu – Typically, this has been used for the natural treatment of alcoholism, hangovers, angina, upset stomach, dizziness, and vomiting. Its use has been relatively safe in clinical trials lasting up to 4 months. It has been clinically evaluated for angina http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16856037?dopt=Abstract, stroke, menopause, and alcoholism http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15897719?dopt=Abstract http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/10706235?dopt=Abstract with inconclusive results.
Fennel – Historically fennel’s therapeutic use is increasing lactation, promoting menstruation, facilitating birth, an abortifacient, and increasing libido. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/12807304 Fennel is likely safe and has obtained GRAS status in amounts generally used in food. In medicinal doses, it’s safety has not been evaluated. It should be avoided while pregnant and breast feeding in therapeutic doses due to the fact that it can lead to neurotoxicity in the child. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/7919774?dopt=Abstract. This seems relatively effective for colic when combined with other ingredients. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/12807304
“Proprietary PROTECT Blend”
Aloe – Orally, aloe is used for osteoarthritis, inflammatory bowel diseases including ulcerative colitis, fever, itching and inflammation, and as a general tonic. Topically, aloe is used for burns, wound healing, hemorrhoids, posthemorrhoidectomy pain, psoriasis, sunburn, frostbite, inflammation, osteoarthritis, and cold sores. It is also applied topically as an antiseptic and as a moisturizer. Aloe gel is safe when used orally, topically, and appropriately. Aloe Latex may be unsafe if consumed orally can lead to renal failure and death. http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/druginfo/natural/607.html It is unclear which one is contained in Zeal.
Goji (Lycuim)- Herbal remedies for goji are used for diabetes, hypertension, fever, malaria, and cancer. It’s also used for improving circulation, erectile dysfunction, abortifacient, dizziness, tinnitus; and as an eye tonic for blurred vision, macular degeneration, and other ophthalmic disorders. It is likely safe in quantities naturally occuring and food and medicinally for healthy individuals up to 3 months in clinical trials. It should be avoided by pregnant mothers due to it’s traditional use as an abortifacient. McGuffin M, Hobbs C, Upton R, Goldberg A, eds. American Herbal Products Association’s Botanical Safety Handbook. Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press, LLC 1997. Agricultural Research Service. Dr. Duke’s phytochemical and ethnobotanical databases. http://www.ars-grin.gov/cgi-bin/duke/farmacy2.pl?575. http://www.anniesremedy.com/herb_detail438.php http://www.mountainroseherbs.com/learn/lycii-berry.php Studies indicate that it could potentially be used to increase quality of life, but are inconclusive with a small n of participants. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18447631?dopt=Abstract
Acai berry- Historically, acai has been taken for osteoarthritis, hypercholesterolemia, erectile dysfunction, weight loss and obesity, detoxification, aging skin, metabolic syndrome, and for improving general health. Acai is relatively safe consumed as a berry or juice. Supplemental use has not been evaluated. Preliminary research shows acai supplements can be safely taken up to a month, and have lowered fasting glucose and total cholesterol levels on obese patients. No effect was seen on LDLs. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21569436?dopt=Abstract Acai berries contain an abundance of Monounsaturated fatty acids and polyunsaturated fatty acids. (omega fats)
Noni – Noni is used for colic, convulsions, cough, diabetes, dysuria, stimulating menstrual flow, fever, hepatosis, constipation, leukorrhea, malarial fever, and nausea. It is also used for smallpox, splenomegaly, swelling, asthma, arthritis and other bone and joint problems, cancer, cataracts, colds, depression, digestive problems, and gastric ulcers. Also it has been used in a preparation to aid childbirth and as an abortifacient. It is possibly safe to eat the fruit, however, noni juice, tea, and supplements have show to be hepatoxic. http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/druginfo/natural/758.html It is unknown if noni was the cause. Noni has been used as a natural abortifacient, and should be avoided by pregnant mothers. http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/druginfo/natural/758.html http://www.cam-cancer.org/CAM-Summaries/Herbal-products/Noni/Is-it-safe Noni may be mildy effective at eliminating post operative vomiting. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21294416?dopt=Abstract Insufficient reliable evidence exists to assess for other purposes. Noni fruit is high in potassium, vitamin a, and vitamin c.
Ionic minerals – Trace amounts of minerals including copper, gold, silver, boron, silicone, and zinc in extremely small amounts are required for bodily operation, and are regularly found in foods. Boron, magnesium, and silicone are required for bone health. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3330619/
Fulvic minerals (humic acid) – Increase absorption and bioavailability of metallic ions in our system.
Stevia – Orally, stevia is used as a weight loss aid, for treating diabetes, contraception, hypertension, heartburn, lowering uric acid levels, and as a cardiotonic and diuretic.
In foods, stevia is used as a non-caloric sweetener and flavor enhancer. Stevia has GRAS status in the US as a sweetener in foods.
Ascorbic acid (Vitamin C)- This form of vitamin C is found in foods, and over the counter supplements. It is a water soluble vitamin. Vitamin C is an extremely important nutrient. It increases the bioavailability of iron and can reverse the effects of scurvy between 2 days and 3 weeks. Vitamin C is safe as long as the UL (Upper level) intake is not exceeded on a regular basis.
Vitamin E (d-alpha tocopherol – This form of vitamin E is found in foods, and over the counter supplements. It is a fat soluble vitamin. Vitamin E is used for replacement therapy in vitamin E deficiency, treating and preventing cardiovascular disease, including slowing atherogenesis and preventing heart attacks. It is used orally for angina, thrombophlebitis, intermittent claudication, hypertension, and preventing ischemia-reperfusion injury after coronary artery bypass surgery. Vitamin E is safe as long as the UL (Upper level) intake is not exceeded on a regular basis.
Retinol palmitate (Vitamin A) – This form of vitamin A is found in foods, and over the counter supplements. It is a fat soluble vitamin. Orally, vitamin A is used for vitamin A deficiency, improving vision, age-related macular degeneration (AMD), glaucoma, cataracts, infection, and improving immune function. Vitamin A is safe as long as the UL (Upper level) intake is not exceeded on a regular basis. It is likely ineffective for anemia, cancer, and pneumonia.
Pyridoxal 5′-phosphate (Vitamin B6)- This form of vitamin B is found in foods, and over the counter supplements. It is a water soluble vitamin. Orally, pyridoxine is used most commonly for treating premenstrual syndrome (PMS), vitamin B6 deficiency, “morning sickness” in pregnancy, depression associated with pregnancy or oral contraceptive use, primary homocystinuria, hyperhomocysteinemia, Alzheimer’s disease, and preventing neuritis associated with isoniazid or penicillamine. Vitamin B6 is safe as long as the UL (Upper level) intake is not exceeded on a regular basis.
niacinamide (Vitamin B3)- This form of vitamin B is found in foods, and over the counter supplements. It is a water soluble vitamin. Orally, niacin is used for hyperlipidemia. It is also used in conjunction with other therapies for peripheral vascular disease, vascular spasm, migraine headache, Meniere’s syndrome, vertigo, and to reduce the diarrhea associated with cholera. Orally, niacin or niacinamide is also used for preventing vitamin B3 deficiency, treating pellagra, schizophrenia, drug-induced hallucinations, Alzheimer’s disease and age-related cognitive decline, chronic brain syndrome, hyperkinesis, depression, motion sickness, alcohol dependence, vasculitis associated with skin lesions, and edema. Vitamin B3 is safe as long as the UL (Upper level) intake is not exceeded on a regular basis.
thiamin (Vitamin B1) – This form of vitamin B is found in foods, and over the counter supplements. It is a water soluble vitamin. Orally, thiamine is used for thiamine deficiency syndromes, including beriberi, peripheral neuritis associated with pellagra, and neuritis of pregnancy. Vitamin B1 is safe as long as the UL (Upper level) intake is not exceeded on a regular basis.
riboflavin|riboflavin (Vitamin B2) – This form of vitamin B is found in foods, and over the counter supplements. It is a water soluble vitamin. B2 is used for preventing riboflavin deficiency, treating ariboflavinosis, preventing migraine headaches, treating acne, congenital methemoglobinemia, muscle cramps, preventing cervical cancer, burning feet syndrome, carpal tunnel syndrome, red blood cell aplasia, multiple acylcoenzyme A dehydrogenase deficiency, eye fatigue, cataracts, and glaucoma. Vitamin B2 is safe as long as the UL (Upper level) intake is not exceeded on a regular basis.
cholecalcipherol (Vitamin D) – This form of vitamin D is found in foods such as fortified dairy and mushrooms, sun exposure, and over the counter supplements. It is a fat soluble vitamin. Vitamin D is a key vitamin for bone health, and in the prevention of rickets. Doses in excess of the tolerable UL should be under physician care.
folic acid |folic acid (Vitamin B complex) – This form of vitamin B is found in foods, and over the counter supplements. It is a water soluble vitamin. Orally, folic acid is used for preventing and treating folate deficiency, megaloblastic anemia resulting from folate or vitamin B12 deficiency, megaloblastic anemia in sickle cell disease, and for folate deficiency in intestinal malabsorption or sprue. It is also used for preventing neural tube defects, reducing the risk of colorectal and cervical cancer, and preventing pregnancy loss. Folic Acid is safe as long as the UL (Upper level) intake is not exceeded on a regular basis.
biotin (Vitamin B7 or Vitamin H) – This form of vitamin B/H is found in foods, and over the counter supplements. It is a water soluble vitamin. Biotin is used for preventing and treating biotin deficiency associated with pregnancy, long-term parenteral nutrition, malnutrition, rapid weight loss, and multiple carboxylase deficiency. It is also used orally for hair loss, brittle nails, seborrheic dermatitis of infancy, diabetes, and mild depression. It seems to be ineffective for brittle nails and diabetes. Biotin is safe as long as the UL (Upper level) intake is not exceeded on a regular basis.
Methylcobalamin – This form of vitamin B is found in foods, and over the counter supplements. It is a water soluble vitamin. Vitamin B12 is used for treating pernicious anemia and preventing and treating vitamin B12 deficiency. It is also used orally for treating primary hyperhomocysteinemia, heart disease, male infertility, diabetes, memory loss, circadian rhythm sleep disorders, Alzheimer’s disease, depression, psychiatric disorders, osteoporosis, tendonitis, immunosuppression, AIDS, inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), asthma, allergies, vitiligo, preventing cervical cancer, and seborrheic dermatitis. Vitamin B12 is safe as long as the UL (Upper level) intake is not exceeded on a regular basis.
If you are still with me after accepting that HUGE information download… there is a ton of stuff in there that your body DOESN’T need. At the end of the day, I know why it somewhat works. The placebo effect. It causes you to get off your butt and start working out. Plus, if you follow their “Zeal Challenge” and the low calorie diet which goes with it, you are going to loose weight. That is nothing you couldn’t get from going to http://www.choosemyplate.gov If you want to pay for it, that is on you.
At the end of the day, we all know why people recommend this and try to sell it, regardless of the safety concerns.
Yep, the dollar signs. Instead of pink like mary kay (which isn’t that terrible for you) they have black. Just remember, if you are considering this stuff, the person selling it to you isn’t thinking about you, they are thinking about that nice black car.
Also, if you would like for me to post my references (which if you ask a zeal rep, you will never get, just some heresay and marketing jargon) after my post, instead of spread out through the whole thing, just let me know. I see how that could have made things confusing. Also, I can answer in depth about individual supplements if you let me know. Obviously, I couldn’t post in depth about every single thing in there, and just kind of highlighted the issues I felt were of concern. There are tons of drug/nutrient interactions I didn’t even scratch the surface of! If I didn’t say it was good/bad for something, it probably wasn’t, but there were still some cool studies which I didn’t post which may answer an individuals question. Furthermore, if you think you have a good study to refute what I have said, please, let me know. I am not talking about some biology or art major that decided to start their own website, I am talking about actual studies.
*** Everyone, I am going to reorganize this to make it a little more like the other parts of my blog, and clear up a couple of things, stay tuned for the revision***